CMAC Report: BCCTS Highlights Issues Regarding the Evacuation of Special Needs Passengers.
Our own presentation at CMAC on Evacuation of Elderly and Special Needs Passengers was well received and given full support by the International Transport Federation. The Canadian International Bureau of Shipping asked that Transport Canada make public their investigation into this safety issue.
Transport Canada have stated this will be thoroughly analyzed and they are planning follow up action in particular, where appropriate, in the context of the passenger vessel Concentrated Inspection Campaign that was presented at CMAC.
The previous Transportation Minister, Lisa Raitt, stated that there would be a review of the Canadian Transportation Act and the BCCTS asked that the Act be made mandatory for all Domestic Canadian Passenger Vessels carrying Special Needs Passengers.
Concentrated Inspection Campaign.
Canada is one of the 27 participant Administrations to the Paris Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), and one of the 18 participant Administrations of the Tokyo MOU.
The Concentrated Inspection Campaign has been established to address specific areas where high levels of deficiencies have been encountered by inspectors, or where new convention requirements have recently entered into force.
To eliminate the operation of sub-standard ships through a harmonized system of port State control and to effectively encourages safety by promoting compliance among vessel owners.
Transport Canada has proposed to conduct CICs every two years (one year is reserved for planning and the other for conducting the CIC).
TC adapted this approach to conduct a CIC on Canadian-flagged vessels (including those under DSIP) for the 2012-2013 period, and focused on structural safety for the Great Lake bulk carriers (i.e. those inspected by Classification Societies) Overall, the CIC found that there were no major issues with structural safety in the Laker fleet.
An analysis of the deficiencies reported in 2013 was undertaken to determine which area would be relevant to use as a CIC topic for 2014-2015 campaign.
The result of this selection analysis is that Lifesaving Appliances and Fire Safety, more specifically for passenger vessels. Transport Canada will be inspecting small to medium sized passenger vessels (in particular, Harbour Cruise Vessels, this will be targeted for 2014-2015. The focus on process/systems vessel owners have in place to ensure compliance with the Canada Shipping Act, 2001. This includes boat and fire drills, passenger count, and the means to address passengers with special needs (as per the Fire and Boat Drills Regulations).
Transport Canada advised a BC Ferry representative that Ship Owners would be given advanced notice of a CIC taking place.
Safety Management Regulations.
Internationally, SMS is currently required by regulation for vessels subject to the SOLAS Convention (ISM Code).
Transport Canada have stated the Objectives of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 and proposed regulations is to promote safety, protect the marine environment, protect the health and well-being of individuals, and promote an efficient marine transportation system.
By bringing in a compulsory rather than the voluntary Safety Management System this will reduce the number of marine related accidents, incidents and fatalities. It will implement recommendations of the Transportation Safety Board from accident investigations in Canada over the last 10 or more years.
This will ensure continued compliance with international obligations, standards and practices improving the safety culture in the Canadian domestic fleet.
Transport Canada has developed an SMS guidance website and material to build awareness and assist operators in the development of their own systems.
From the comments we believe that the mandatory compliance of the Safety Management Regulations will take place sometime in 2017.
Delegated Statutory Inspection Program.
Transport Canada has entered into formal agreements with certain Classification Societies, under the authority of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 directing owners of vessels 24 metres and above in length to obtain their certificates and inspections from authorized third parties allowing them inspection and enforcement of these regulations.
Full delegation has been in place since 2000 currently, there are 389 ships in class, of which 363 are delegated, TC is also starting to see non-classed vessels enter the delegation program.
Currently American Bureau of Shipping, Bureau Veritas, DNV GR and Lloyds Register are allowed to be Recognized Organization under this agreements. The following Classification Societies have applied to be added to this agreement Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (ClassNK), Italian Register of Shipping (RINA), China Classification Society (CCS) and Korean Register of Shipping (KR).
New ROs are anticipated before the end of summer 2014.
A presentation was made during the Domestic Vessel Regulatory Oversight working group reporting an incident where a large Ro-Ro Ferry was allowed to sail in an unseaworthy or unsafe condition by a Recognized Organization.
Transport Canada Western Region were contacted about this situation and it was reported this incident was now under full investigation by Transport Canada in Ottawa.
Vessel Construction and Equipment Regulations
IMO updates on construction and equipment.
IMO Polar Code
Regulatory Cooperation Council requirements regarding Pleasure Craft Construction.
Canadian Modifications to the SOLAS Convention
SOLAS requirements for infant lifejackets and lifejackets for persons who are larger in size to fit an adult lifejacket are covered by this new Canadian Regulation by the comment “Class 1 to 10 vessels must carry a life jacket of an appropriate size for each person on board” .
Cable Ferry operator’s qualifications.
Of interest to BC readers Transport Canada stated the qualifications of Cable Ferry Crew for the Denman Island Ferry will be to standards set in Marine Personnel Regulations, we will watch this issue to see what other TC Regulations will come into force due to the large size of this ferry.
Cable Ferry- Marine Personnel Regulations
Following sections apply to Ferry Cable:
q Section 205: Training and familiarization
q Subsection 207 (1) to (5): Minimum complement
q Section 212: Masters and Officers
q Section 213 to 216: Deck Watch
q Section 229 to 230: Familiarisation and Training – Passenger vessels
Changes to the Transportation Safety Board Regulations
Transportation Safety Board Regulations were changed for the first time since 1992, bringing them up-to-date with the current transportation industry and legislation. As of 12 March 2014, Part 2 of the Regulations came into effect. Part 1 comes into effect on 1 July 2014.
Changes have been made to;
Definitions are up-dated,
When the operator of the ship—whether they are the owner, the master, the ship’s pilot, a crew member or the harbour master—has direct knowledge of an occurrence, they are required to report it to the TSB,
Additions to when to report, what you are required to report and what is no longer required to report.
Compliance with the new regulations is mandatory. Companies that don’t comply can be held accountable under the Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act.
Update on Work at IMO.
IMO – the International Maritime Organization – is the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
As a specialized agency of the United Nations, IMO is the global standard-setting authority for the safety, security and environmental performance of international shipping. Its main role is to create a regulatory framework for the shipping industry that is fair and effective, universally adopted and universally implemented.
Most Canadian regulations have been based on IMO regulatory framework but Transport Canada sometimes has made modifications where they think there are lower risks. Under the Canada Shipping Act 2001 Regulatory reform project most Regulations are now incorporated by reference IMO instruments “as amended from time to time”.
Hot topics include;
Shipping in Polar waters, developing an International code of safety for ships operating in polar waters.
Review of Passenger ship safety including a response to the Costa Concordia incident
Piracy and armed robbery against ships
Women in the maritime industry
Energy efficiency and the reduction of GHG emissions from ships
A concept of a sustainable maritime transportation system
Particularly sensitive sea areas